According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) sea snakes “are found in tropical and subtropical waters around the world.” Sea snakes typically inhabit areas near coral reefs and rocky coasts.
There are more than 60 different species of sea snakes. The majority of these species are found in the Indo-Pacific region with about 20 species found in the waters around Australia.
Sea snakes are generally divided into two groups: those that live in salt water and those that live in brackish water. Brackish water is a mixture of salt water and fresh water such as that found in estuaries.
Most sea snakes are venomous but only a few species are considered to be dangerous to humans. The majority of sea snake bites occur when humans accidentally step on or handle the snakes.
The best way to avoid being bitten by a sea snake is to be aware of their habitats and to avoid handling them. If you are in an area where sea snakes are known to live be sure to wear protective clothing and shoes.
Where do sea snakes live?
Answer: Sea snakes live in warm waters near the coastlines of continents and islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
What is the average length of a sea snake?
Answer: The average length of a sea snake is 3.
3 feet but some species can grow to be over 8 feet long.
How many species of sea snakes are there?
Answer: There are 70 known species of sea snakes.
What do sea snakes eat?
Answer: Sea snakes eat fish eels and other small marine animals.
Are sea snakes venomous?
Answer: All sea snakes are venomous but only a few species have venom that is potent enough to be harmful to humans.
How do sea snakes breathe?
Answer: Sea snakes have special valves in their nostrils that close when they dive underwater allowing them to hold their breath for up to eight hours.
How do sea snakes move?
Answer: Sea snakes use their muscular bodies to propel themselves through the water.
They can swim up to four miles per hour.
How do sea snakes mate?
Answer: Male and female sea snakes come together during the breeding season.
The male wraps his body around the female and they exchange sperm.
How long does it take for sea snakes to have babies?
Answer: It takes sea snakes anywhere from two to twelve months to have babies depending on the species.
How many babies do sea snakes have?
Answer: Sea snakes typically give birth to between four and thirty babies at a time.
What is the lifespan of a sea snake?
Answer: The average lifespan of a sea snake is between 10 and 20 years.
Do sea snakes have predators?
Answer: Sea snakes have few predators but they can sometimes be eaten by large fish sharks and birds of prey.
Are sea snakes endangered?
Answer: Some species of sea snakes are endangered due to habitat loss hunting and fishing.
What do people use sea snakes for?
Answer: In some cultures people eat sea snakes or use their venom for medical purposes.
Sea snake skin is also used to make clothing and other products.
What is the scientific name for sea snakes?
Answer: The scientific name for sea snakes is Hydrophiinae.