A corneal transplant is a surgery to replace a diseased or damaged cornea with a healthy one from a donor.
The success rate of corneal transplants has improved dramatically over the past few decades. The one-year success rate is now about 90% and the five-year success rate is about 80%. These success rates are much higher than they were just a few years ago.
The reason for this improvement is twofold. First the techniques for performing the surgery have been refined and improved. Second the criteria for choosing donors have been made more stringent.
Corneal transplantation is one of the most successful of all transplant surgeries. In fact it is one of the few transplant surgeries where the success rate is consistently high.
However it is important to remember that a corneal transplant is a major surgery. It is not without risks. The most common complication is rejection of the donor cornea. This occurs in about 10% of cases.
Rejection is more likely to occur in the first few months after transplantation. It is important to take steps to reduce the risk of rejection such as using immunosuppressive drugs.
Other complications of corneal transplantation include infection glaucoma and cataracts. These complications are relatively rare occurring in less than 5% of cases.
Corneal transplantation is a successful surgery that can improve the quality of your life. However it is important to understand the risks and complications involved. Talk to your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.
What is a corneal transplant?
Answer: A corneal transplant is an operation to replace a damaged or diseased cornea with a healthy one from a donor.
Who can get a corneal transplant?
Answer: Anyone who has a disease or injury of the cornea that has not responded to other treatments may be a candidate for a corneal transplant.
What are the risks of a corneal transplant?
Answer: Risks of a corneal transplant include but are not limited to rejection of the transplant infection bleeding and cataract formation.
What is the success rate of a corneal transplant?
Answer: The success rate of a corneal transplant is generally very good.
Over 95% of corneal transplants are successful in restoring useful vision.
How long does a corneal transplant last?
Answer: In general a corneal transplant will last the lifetime of the patient.
However there is a small chance that the transplant may need to be replaced if it is rejected by the patient’s body or if the original disease returns.
What is the recovery time for a corneal transplant?
Answer: Recovery time for a corneal transplant varies from patient to patient but is generally around 6-8 weeks.
What are the chances of rejection for a corneal transplant?
Answer: The chances of rejection for a corneal transplant are relatively low at around 5%.
How can I prevent rejection of my corneal transplant?
Answer: You can help prevent rejection of your corneal transplant by taking your immunosuppressive medication as prescribed and following up with your doctor as recommended.
What are the signs of rejection?
Answer: The signs of rejection include but are not limited to redness pain decreased vision and light sensitivity.
What should I do if I think I’m rejecting my transplant?
Answer: If you think you may be rejecting your transplant it is important to see your doctor right away.
They will be able to evaluate you and determine the best course of treatment.
Can I get a corneal transplant if I have had a previous transplant?
Answer: Yes you can still get a corneal transplant even if you have had a previous transplant.
Can I get a corneal transplant if I have other health problems?
Answer: Yes you can still get a corneal transplant even if you have other health problems.
However it is important to discuss your overall health with your doctor to make sure that a corneal transplant is the best option for you.
Will I need to take medication after my transplant?
Answer: Yes you will likely need to take medication to help prevent rejection of your transplant.
How often will I need to see my doctor after my transplant?
Answer: It is important to see your doctor regularly after your transplant.
They will likely want to see you at least once a month for the first few months and then every few months after that.
What are the long-term effects of a corneal transplant?
Answer: The long-term effects of a corneal transplant are generally very good.
Most people who have a successful transplant will have good vision for the rest of their lives.